• Tue. Jun 18th, 2024

A glimpse of the desert landscape on a full moon night

“On the weary path, forgetting exhaustion, in the loving embrace, oh mother, when will I be cool?” – With this plea, carrying the feelings of liking and love, the thirsty traveler has embarked on a journey far away, through distant paths. This journey is eternal. Today’s notable view is of Rajasthan, a country of deserts and dunes.

In the notable essay, alongside the unparalleled depiction of the enchanting moonlit nights of the desert land, Rajasthan’s endeavor to preserve its rich agriculture and culture within its limited environment—’Padharo Mahre Desh’—became their plea.

Situated in the northwestern region of the Indian subcontinent, the basin of the Indus River spans across the arid expanse of Rajasthan, which stands as one of the largest states within the Indian Republic. This state was officially established on March 30, 1949. During British colonial rule, it earned the name Rajasthan, meaning “Land of the Rajputs,” referring to the prominent ruling class that governed its territories.

The word Rajasthan is synonymous with forts, palaces, and castles; it bears the marks of bloodshed and sacrifice. History continues to whisper secrets from the distant past, recounting tales of intrigue. The wind carries stories of laughter and grief across the state’s rugged terrain. History and Rajasthan are inextricably intertwined.


According to archeological and historical data, Rajasthan has a 100,000-year history. Many royal dynasties existed in this region between the seventh and eleventh centuries AD, with Rajput supremacy peaking in the sixteenth century. Emperor Akbar united the Rajput nations under the Mughal Empire. Remnants of the Indus Valley Civilization had been uncovered in Rajasthan’s desert sands, along with the ruins of many other civilizations.

Rajasthan exudes a distinct charm with its vibrant deserts, breathtaking dunes, colorful architecture, passionate music, dynamic dance forms, and rich folk traditions. It embodies warmth, vibrancy, and a simple way of life. Steeped in stories of courage and majesty, Rajasthan seamlessly blends history, mythology, bravery, love, and the beauty of nature.

Today’s breathtaking view is of the beautiful Thar Desert, namely the Jaisalmer-Baliyadi region. The term ‘Thar’ comes from ‘Thal,’ which means a sand mountain, and refers to a large and dry desert area. The world’s seventh-largest desert stretches 132,140 square miles (200,000 square kilometers) between India and Pakistan. The Thar Desert is primarily located in Rajasthan, India. The Sutlej River flows north of the Thar Desert, bordering the Aravalli mountain ranges to the east, the Rann of Kutch to the south, and the Indus River to the west.


According to paleontologists, around 47 million years ago, this region was covered by an ocean. After each wave, it would fall back onto the shore. Why and how the deep, enormous ocean evaporated is still a mystery lost in the sands of time. Today, waves of sand surround the desert, rising and falling like the waves of the sea. The residents of Rajasthan still refer to it as “Hakdo” in the ancient Dingal language. The word “Hakdo” continues to resonate in Rajasthan, echoing the ancestral memory of that long-lost ocean through generations.

The beauty of Baliyadi has enhanced the vibrancy and culture of colorful Rajasthan, making it a unique tourist destination. From afar, one can see the playful waves of dunes and the hills of sand playing hide and seek, with occasional patches of thorny bushes. At the end of the scorching day, the sand’s bosom swallows the warmth, spreading a crimson hue of twilight in the sky. Rows of caravans and the moonlight turn the desert into a mesmerizing world. The scattered clouds resemble the innocent strokes of a little girl’s purple saree.

In ancient times, “The Night of Malwa,””The Evening of Ayodhya,” and “The Morning of Rajwara” were celebrated for their beauty, ranking high on the global stage. In the present context, only a fraction of the splendor of “The Night of Malwa” is revealed. The name Malwa comes from the ancient Indian tribe of the Malavas. The Kushan, Shaka, and Satavahana kingdoms likely ruled Malwa in the first and second centuries. Reviewing the events of 1436 AD, it is clear that Mahmud Khilji expanded his kingdom to include Gujarat, Rajasthan, and the Deccan.

The air of Rajasthan carries the fragrant tale of a beautiful love story centered around the Ketaki flower, adding an enchanting allure to the “Night of Malwa.” This legend, deeply rooted in the region’s cultural heritage, enhances the magical atmosphere of Malwa’s serene nights. The Ketaki flower, known for its intoxicating scent, symbolizes this romantic saga, which has been passed down through generations in both ancient Dingal and modern Rajasthani languages.

In the Thar Desert, wild camels, famously known as the “Ships of the Desert,” Riding these majestic creatures across the vast, endless sands is a thrilling and unique experience. The sight of camels moving gracefully across the dunes adds to the desert’s allure, offering an extraordinary way to explore the expansive, arid landscape of Rajasthan.

Every year, from July to September, the Thar Desert receives a certain amount of rainfall. As soon as the rains hit the sandy landscape, a variety of flora emerges. The rain transforms the arid environment, turning the sand into a verdant carpet of grass. Date palms and ‘jal’ trees can be found among the dunes. The ‘Fogg’ shrubs, which are especially popular with camels, grow throughout this season. Nomads in the area utilize the dry leaves of these plants as fuel for cooking and other purposes.

As evening descends, the moonlight of the waxing phase spreads its enchanting glow over the dunes. The undulating landscape, with its varying heights and flat expanses, becomes imbued with a mesmerizing charm under the moon’s ethereal light. This magical illumination casts a dreamy spell over the desert, creating an intoxicating atmosphere that captivates the senses.

The moonlit desert, with its serene and almost mystical beauty, offers a tranquil yet exhilarating experience. The gentle light accentuates the ripples in the sand, highlights the intricate patterns formed by the wind, and renders the Thar Desert into a surreal and enchanting landscape. This natural spectacle, along with the calm of the night, creates an extraordinary sight that will linger with anyone who witnesses it.

Under the moonlit sky, bathed in the soft glow of moonlight, cultural festivities commenced in this enchanting landscape. The song “Kesariya Balam Aavo Ni Padharo Mharo Des” reverberated through the desert night, accompanied by captivating dance performances. This Rajasthani folk song, extending a heartfelt welcome to cherished guests, infused a warm and inviting ambiance into the regal setting.
Guests were seated in a regal manner, with a lounge area arranged specifically for their comfort, where they indulged in refreshments. Nearby, the sound of the desert wind whistled through the dunes, enhancing the mystical ambiance of the evening. The fusion of traditional music, dance, and the natural beauty of the Thar Desert crafted an unforgettable experience, showcasing the rich cultural heritage of Rajasthan.

This serene and evocative moment, where nature and culture blend seamlessly, leaves a lasting impression on anyone who experiences it. The Thar Desert’s unique ambiance, especially under the full moon, creates a profound connection with the land, evoking emotions that linger long after the journey ends.

On the journey back under the moonlight, there’s a sensation of something being left behind. The gentle, cool breeze, coupled with the captivating beauty of the clear, silver moonlight and the earthy scent of the dusty, arid desert, transports the mind to an unknown realm. The surroundings are silent and tranquil—only the dunes, the bright full moon, and its companion stars remain vigilant. The whispering sound of the wind brushing against the vast dunes evokes a feeling of melancholy and extends an invitation to return once more.

The Thar Desert, with its rolling dunes and rich cultural heritage, serves as a living testament to Rajasthan’s past. The experience of a moonlit night in the desert, with its tranquil and cool atmosphere, evokes the historical beauty and mystery of “Malwa’s Night.” This blend of natural splendor and historical resonance continues to captivate the hearts of those who visit, offering a timeless connection to the region’s illustrious past.

This journey through the Thar Desert, especially under the full moon, provides an unforgettable glimpse into the profound and enduring charm of Rajasthan, where history and nature intertwine to create a truly magical experience.

This vast, expansive desert carries the echoes of its ancient past and continues to attract travelers to this day. Though Malwa has become a part of history, the serene, moonlit nights remind one of the enchanting allure of the “Night of Malwa.”

“O moon, casting shadows in the glow of the full moon, I express in enchantment.”
“I love you.”

“O moon, embraced by moonlight, amidst the shadows, overcome by enchantment, I confess: I love you…I love you.”

(The article is opined on the author’s studies and personal experience and not in any way connected to any organisation or any political party.)

By Madhumita Dutta

Professional Web Developer Guwahati, Assam. Email: mrdinfotechnology@gmail.com

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