(Written By: Baishali Deb)
The entire world is now making a shift to a cleaner and greener environment with the desire to protect the environment. More and more people are working for the environment, and in the process of doing so, people are becoming more aware and also are developing a better understanding as to why protecting our environment is necessary.
Bio-based polymer is derived from organic residue and biomass, and this polymer is considered to be a viable alternative. The polymer is viable because it helps reduce carbon emissions and the ever-rising demand for fossil fuels. Natural resources played a major role in economic development, but the excessive use of natural resources, resources caused social and environmental issues. We are aware of the most debated issues, such as greenhouse gas emission, global warming etc., since the 1970s and how ways and methods have been discovered to eliminate all these issues using renewable energy sources.
Green plastic is different from conventional plastics as it reduces greenhouse gas emissions. Green plastics use sugarcane which captures and retrieves fuel. The sugarcane used produces polyethylene, thus mitigating climate change. Bio-based plastics may be engineered for complete biodegradation of carbon dioxide in the future. Also, the government is taking steps to shift to cleaner and greener plastic production.
Bio-plastics should replace plastics. Bioplastics are made from recycled feedstock and microorganisms, and it is now proven that bioplastics are eco-friendly to the environment. Throughout Europe, bioplastics are becoming popular because bioplastics are organic and pose less harm to the environment. Also, bioplastics are biodegradable entirely only when used for developing an economy that is circular biologically. Green plastic helps to reduce greenhouse gas emissions. Biodegradability can be incorporated into natural as well as industrial composting systems. Bioplastics are made from renewable natural resources. There are two types of such resources: biodegradable and non-biodegradable resources. The biodegradable plastic material should be treated for waste treatment. Sustainable packaging can be recycled if non-biodegradable items do not get into the system. The plastic economy is a recent development and must be thought after from a sustainable viewpoint. Plastic pollution-related issues and their adverse effects on climate and ecosystems can be reversed. There is an urgent need to solve plastic pollution by looking at the economic, regulatory and social aspects.
(The article is solely the opinion of the authors. The views expressed here are solely personal and not in any way connected to any organisation or any political party ).